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Gynecomastia and Its Implications

Gynecomastia is a male condition in which one or both breasts appear more pronounced than they should normally be. There are varying degrees of pronouncement, all of which have specific causes. There are some men who have areolas and nipples which are more pronounced than they normally should, be while others actually have breasts that resemble those of women. On the other hand, there are also some cases wherein only one side is bigger than the other.


Causes


There are a few causes of gynecomastia, and two of the more common causes are the use of anabolic steroids and hormonal fluctuations. In the former, anabolic steroids are often used by bodybuilders and other people who wish to have well-formed and defined muscles. More often than not, they consume an excessive amount of the substance which is not fully utilized by the body. The testosterone that is not used will be transformed into estrogen, which is one of the proponents of developing bigger breasts in women.


Hormonal fluctuations often occur when the individual goes through puberty or is a senior citizen. During puberty, the human body manufactures different kinds of hormones which may have an effect on its development. Another possible cause of the condition is the genetic makeup of the individual. A family history of pronounced breasts can contribute to a child or teen having the condition. Other possible causes include, but are not limited to, illegal or street drugs, medicines (such as antibiotics, antidepressants and many others), underlying conditions (such as hypergonadism, hyperthyroidism, tumors and others) and herbal supplements (such as tea tree and lavender oils).


Treatment


Treating gynecomastia can be as easy as just monitoring the development of the teenager who may be undergoing puberty. In this case, as soon as the teenager notices significant changes in his chest, he should bring it to the attention of a doctor who can prescribe medications, treatment, or prevention of the condition. Once the tissues harden significantly, it may be difficult to use just medications to prevent and treat it. Surgery may be the alternative that the man might need in order to get rid of the problem. Some liposuction might work, but this only gets rid of the adipose tissue. There may be a need for actual surgery to have a flattened nipple look. Depending on the area on which the tissue has hardened and accumulated, the surgeon will need to examine and study where the most advantageous excision can be done. Gynecomastia does not affect a lot of guys, but those who are affected can be shy with their peers and those of the opposite gender. Some degree of insecurity can develop in boys and men who suffer from this condition, although the condition itself is purely aesthetic and not serious at all.


These are some of the important things to know about gynecomastia. An in-depth talk with the plastic surgeon is necessary in order to assess what steps need to be taken next.


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